Modeling colorectal cancer as a 3-dimensional disease in a dish: case for drug screening using organoids, zebrafish, and fruit flies

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In this review Michele Markstein discusses recent shifts in the understanding of colorectal cancer as a stem cell based disease, based on findings that tie patient prognosis to the presence of cancer stem cells in colorectal tumors.

Currently no drugs specifically target CSCs in colorectal tumors. However, recent advances in the culturing of colorectal stem cells using mammalian organoids, zebrafish, and Drosophila offer promising avenues for anti-CSC drug discovery.

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