Molecular targets and pathways for the treatment of visceral leishmaniasis

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The authors outline novel targets that might be of value in the treatment of Leishmaniasis

Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) represents the most severe form of the tropical disease, leishmaniasis. Treatment of VL is complicated because of the few clinically approved antileishmanial drugs available; emerging resistance to first-line drugs; need for a temperature-controlled ‘cold’ supply chain; serious toxicity concerns over drugs such as amphotericin B; high cost of medication; and unavailability of clinically approved antileishmanial vaccines. Attacking potential molecular targets, specific to the parasite, is a vital step in the treatment of this and other infectious diseases. As we discuss here, comprehensive investigation of these targets could provide a promising strategy for the treatment of visceral leishmaniasis.

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