Stimuli sensitive drug delivery systems for site specific antibiotic release

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This review provides key insights into current challenges and future directions of exogenous and endogenous stimuli-sensitive targeted and on-demand release of therapeutic doses of antibiotics both cost-effectively and safely.

Site-specific delivery of antibiotics has always been a high-priority area in pharmaceutical research. Conventionally used antibiotics suffer several limitations, such as low accumulation and penetration in diseased cells/tissues, limited bioavailability of drugs, drug resistance, and off-target toxicity. To overcome these limitations, several strategies have been exploited for delivering antibiotics to the site of infection, such as the use of stimuli-responsive antibiotic delivery systems, which can release antibiotics in a controlled and timely fashion. These stimuli can either be exogenous (light, magnetism, ultrasound, and electrical) or endogenous (pH, redox reactions, and enzymatic). In this review, we present a summary of recent developments in the field of stimuli-based targeted drug delivery systems for the site-specific release of antibiotics. 

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